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Training program helps providers spot suicide risk

After undergoing a training program, physicians showed statistically significant improvements in their knowledge of suicide and confidence in treating at-risk patients, according to a recent study.
Suicide, which is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, accounts for about one death every 11 minutes and took the lives of 45,979 Americans in 2020, according to the CDC. An estimated 12.2 million adults in the U.S. seriously thought about suicide in the same year, and 3.2 million planned a suicide attempt.
Most people who die by suicide had contact with the health care system in

Extending the shelf life of vaccines

Nearly half of all vaccines go to waste. This is due to the logistical obstacles involved in transporting them to diverse regions of the world. Most vaccines require strict temperature regulation from the manufacturing line to injection into a human arm. Maintaining a constant temperature along the cold (supply) chain is a challenging feat in the best of circumstances. In sub-Saharan Africa and other developing regions, for example, limited transport infrastructure and unreliable electricity compounds the already immense challenges of delivering viable vaccines.

Reinvigorating ‘lost cause’ exhausted T cells could improve cancer immunotherapy

During a battle with cancer, T cells can become exhausted and are no longer able to function properly. The early phase of exhaustion can sometimes be reversed with immunotherapy drugs, but once T cells become too exhausted, it had been thought that this state was irreversible. However, new insights from University of Pittsburgh and UPMC researchers suggest that even the most fatigued T cells can be revived.