Opinion: STAT+: A market failure is preventing efficient diffusion of health care AI software

For AI software to improve the safety and quality of care for all, urgent action is needed from payers, the federal government, and regulators to hold health systems accountable to…

Artificial intelligence (AI) software can improve patient care, but a key market failure is preventing its effective development and diffusion.

Well-developed and validated AI software systems built outside of electronic health record (EHR) systems that could truly advance patient care have had limited adoption. Only a small number of health systems have developed successful and integrated AI software, and broad adoption of these validated tools is essentially nonexistent. In comparison, poorly developed and minimally validated AI software built and deployed within EHRs are widely adopted despite serious quality concerns.

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